Karen discussed the flash crash day as a great day of option trading for her style. She mentioned she had to give up profits for a few months to get into a safe territory. Before the crash date, a portfolio of Karen style would have naked options of the May (14 DTE) and June (42 DTE) cycles most likely. The May options might be started more than 40 days ago in the last two weeks of March following the 56 day rule to open trades. The June options might be started over 14 days ago in the last 2 weeks of April.
Let’s take a look at the life of the May put options first. As marked in the above chart, March 25 was the 56 DTE. On the next market down day on March 26, we could sell SPX May $960 put which had ITM probability of 4.90% for $2.13. However it was a bit surprising that the actual trading volume for the strike was minimal. It looked like Karen did not trade on that day. The option reached 50% profit zone in one week or two. If we took profit following the rules in Section 5 Exit Rules and Winner Management, then everything else would be simple for this position. Otherwise, it would be a rough ride. On May 7 with 14 days to expiration, the put option price was $7.4 with ITM probability of 13.2%, about 3.5 times of the originally sold price. With Karen’s winner management rules, the option would be let expire worthless for a maximum profit since it might not reached the adjustment point. Overall, the May put options did not appear to be in real danger when compared against June put options at the flash crash according to this analysis.
Now, let’s study the life of the June put options. There were 56 days to expiration for June options on April 22, 2010. This day and the next day were up days for market as shown in Figure 11: SPX Daily Chart of Flash Crash of May 6, 2010. So we could sell calls in these two days.
On April 27, 2010 the market dropped significantly and it was a good time to sell puts. We could sell 100 contracts of June $935 put with a 4.88% ITM probability (Delta = 4) following Karen’s entry rules described in Section 3 Option Selection and Section 4.1 Entry (Legged in) Rules. The bid/ask prices were $2.00/$2.90 (middle price = $2.45) and the volume was over 500.
Additionally, if the some puts were sold some time before the close of market, the trade could have seen June $950 strike having ITM probability at 5% (5.68% EOD) and sold these contracts for a premium around $2.45. The end-of-day price became $2.90 for the strike which indicated a $0.45 loss on the day. By the way, the actual volume of this specific put strike on the day was about 1.7K, the 2nd largest quantity for OTM strikes of the day.
According to Figure 12: The Life of a 5% ITM Probability Put Option Survived the Flash Crash, the June $950 put option’s ITM probability would have approached 30% at the lowest point of the flash crash day. But it was unlikely that it exceeded the 30% ITM probability too much, even if the position losses could be 7 times of the original premium received. If the Karen trader stayed calm, did not get scared by the big account loss at the moment and followed the adjustment rules, there would be no need to adjust this position.
However, most retail traders are likely to get close to panic in the market crash environment, because they would find a huge loss number at the profit and loss field of the portfolio and figure out that the loss on paper would take many months to a year to recover. They may start to forget about rules and disciplines and execute special trades that would ruin the portfolio later on. Karen gave some help on how to deal with such psychological issues as discussed in Section 8 Psychology and Mindset.